Types of Artificial Intelligence? 

AI can be widely categorized into several types based on capabilities, functionalities, and technologies. Here’s an overview of the different types of AI:

1. Based on Capabilities

Narrow AI (Weak AI)

This type of AI is designed to perform a narrow task (e.g., facial recognition, internet searches, or driving a car). Most current AI systems, including those that can play complex games like chess and Go, fall under this category. They operate under a limited pre-defined range or set of contexts.

General AI (Strong AI)

A type of AI endowed with broad human-like cognitive capabilities, enabling it to tackle new and unfamiliar tasks autonomously. Such a robust AI framework possesses the capacity to discern, assimilate, and utilize its intelligence to resolve any challenge without needing human guidance.

Superintelligent AI

This represents a future form of AI where machines could surpass human intelligence across all fields, including creativity, general wisdom, and problem-solving. Superintelligence is speculative and not yet realized.

2. Based on Functionalities

Reactive Machines

These AI systems do not store memories or past experiences for future actions. They analyze and respond to different situations. IBM’s Deep Blue, which beat Garry Kasparov at chess, is an example.

Limited Memory

These AI systems can make informed and improved decisions by studying the past data they have collected. Most present-day AI applications, from chatbots and virtual assistants to self-driving cars, fall into this category.

Theory of Mind

This is a more advanced type of AI that researchers are still working on. It would entail understanding and remembering emotions, beliefs, needs, and depending on those, making decisions. This type requires the machine to understand humans truly.

Self-aware AI

This represents the future of AI, where machines will have their own consciousness, sentience, and self-awareness. This type of AI is still theoretical and would be capable of understanding and possessing emotions, which could lead them to form beliefs and desires.

3. Based on Technologies

Machine Learning (ML)

AI systems capable of self-improvement through experience, without direct programming. They concentrate on creating software that can independently learn by accessing and utilizing data.

Deep Learning

A subset of ML involving many layers of neural networks. It is used for learning from large amounts of data and is the technology behind voice control in consumer devices, image recognition, and many other applications.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)

This AI technology enables machines to understand and interpret human language. It’s used in chatbots, translation services, and sentiment analysis applications.


This field involves designing, constructing, operating, and using robots and computer systems for controlling them, sensory feedback, and information processing.

Computer Vision

This technology allows machines to interpret the world visually, and it’s used in various applications such as medical image analysis, surveillance, and manufacturing.

Expert Systems

These AI systems answer questions and solve problems in a specific domain of expertise using rule-based systems.

AI News tech

Comments are closed.